( People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals ) The PETA International Science Consortium is extremely disappointed that the European Chemicals Agency Board of Appeal has upheld a decision that requires Dow Benelux B.V. to conduct a prenatal developmental toxicity study in rats. The study will use approximately 1,160 animals and expose pregnant rats and their unborn pups to the substance dipropylene glycol methyl ether acetate in order to comply with the European Community's Regulation on the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals.
( University of New Hampshire ) Using data gathered by NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter mission, scientists believe they have solved a mystery from one of the solar system's coldest regions -- a permanently shadowed crater on the moon. They have explained how energetic particles penetrating lunar soil can create molecular hydrogen from water ice. The finding provides insight into how radiation can change the chemistry of water ice throughout the solar system.
( Mayo Clinic ) Nearly 70 percent of Americans are on at least one prescription drug, and more than half take two, Mayo Clinic researchers say.
( Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard ) Slipping bacteria some silver could give old antibiotics new life, scientists at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University reported June 19 in Science Translational Medicine. This could pave the way for new therapies for drug-resistant and recurrent infections.
( American Society for Microbiology ) A team of researchers at the University of Pittsburgh has developed antibacterial compounds, derived from the outer coating of HIV, that could be potential treatments for drug-resistant bacterial infections and appear to avoid generating resistance.
( The Oceanography Society ) Dr. Steve Holbrook has been selected as the 2013 recipient the Walter Munk Award for Distinguished Research in Oceanography Related to Sound and the Sea. Dr. Holbrook is Professor of Geophysics at the University of Wyoming, and Adjunct Scientist in the Physical Oceanography Department of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. The Munk Award is presented jointly by The Oceanography Society, the Office of Naval Research and the Office of the Oceanographer of the Navy.
( National Science Foundation ) In the largest US atmospheric chemistry field project in decades, researchers sponsored by the National Science Foundation and other organizations are working to study tiny particles and gases in the air over the southeastern United States.
( American Chemical Society ) Could drugs that block the body's system for repairing damage to the genetic material DNA become a boon to health? As unlikely as it may seem, those compounds are sparking optimism as potential treatments for ovarian and breast cancers driven by a mutation in BRCA. The compounds, termed PARP inhibitors, are the topic of the cover story in the current edition of Chemical & Engineering News. C&EN; is the weekly newsmagazine of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society.
( Georgia Institute of Technology ) Using clouds of ultra-cold atoms and a pair of lasers operating at optical wavelengths, researchers have reached a quantum network milestone: entangling light with an optical atomic coherence composed of interacting atoms in two different states.
( American Chemical Society ) The mystery of how pearls form into the most perfectly spherical large objects in nature may have an unlikely explanation, scientists are proposing in a new study. It appears in ACS' journal Langmuir, named for 1932 Nobel Laureate Irving Langmuir.